Infrared radiation, also known as infrared rays – the invisible rays of natural sunlight – has literally thousands of applications, most of them you haven’t heard about, and some of them may blow your socks off.
While you probably heard about infrared saunas, infrared cameras, and infrared heating pads, you may be surprised to learn the countless IR rays applications in sports, medicine, surveillance, communication, missile guidance, weather forecasting, and even clothing.
In this post, you’ll find more than 30 fascinating facts about infrared rays, and how you too can use infrared therapy for your health and well being.
Here we go.
Table of Contents
What is Infrared Radiation?
This may sound weird to you, but most of the light around you is invisible to the human eye.
Light is actually a form of energy that travels in waves, and we can place these waves on the electromagnetic spectrum.
Infrared radiation, or simply infrared or IR, is electromagnetic radiation with longer wavelengths than those of visible light and is therefore invisible.
It extends from the nominal red edge of the visible spectrum at 700 nanometers (frequency 430 THz) to 1000000 nm (300 GHz).
Infrared light has a range of wavelengths, just like visible light has wavelengths that range from red light to violet.
The heat (thermal energy) we feel from sunlight, a radiator or fire is infrared, and the wavelengths are about the size of a pinhead.
Near-infrared light is closest in wavelengths to visible light and is actually not hot at all. NIR is the size of cells, or are microscopic.
(you’ll find it in your remote controls at home).
37 Amazing Facts about Infrared Radiation
1. Almost half of the energy arriving at the Earth from the sun comes as infrared light.
2. Anything which has a temperature puts out heat or infrared light.
3. Infra-Red waves are also given off by stars, galaxies, lamps, flames, and anything else that’s warm – including you.
4. One of the advantages of IR observation is that it can detect objects that are too cool to emit visible light. This has led to the discovery of previously unknown objects such as comets, asteroids, and wispy interstellar dust clouds.
5. Everything has some heat and puts out infrared light. Even things that we think of as being very cold, like an ice cube – put out some heat.
6. Infrared light can travel through thick smoke, dust or fog, and even some materials.
7. In firefighting, infrared cameras are being used to locate people or animals in heavy spots and to detect hot spots in forest fires.
8. Humans, at normal body temperature, radiate most strongly in the infrared at a wavelength of about 10 microns. (A micron is a term commonly used in astronomy for a micrometer or one-millionth of a meter.)
9. ‘Palm Healing‘, an ancient tradition in China, has used the healing properties of far infrared rays for 3,000 years. These natural healers emit energy and the heat radiating from their hands to heal, much the same as Reiki healers do. Yogis in India also employ palm healing and recommend it especially for relieving eye strain.
10. The human skin can “see” infrared light (it is reacting to the infrared photons), not just the heated air.
Your entire skin surface is an infrared eyeball.
On a sunny day, step outside, close your eyes, and you will discover that it’s very easy to find where the sun is in the sky without seeing any visible light at all, by using the palm of your hand as your “eye”.
11. In the winter, we feel comfortable with a sweater on when the room air temperature is 70F. In the summer, we feel more comfortable wearing a t-shirt in the same room air temperature of 70F.
The explanation is that even though the air temperature is the same, the walls and ceiling radiate FIR waves from the outside sunshine during the summer, which thereby causes our bodies to be warmer.
12. Couples that sleep together act as transmitters and receivers of FIR waves to each other. If you sleep alone, you act as a transmitter of FIR waves, but you receive none in return.
13. Humans may not be able to see infrared light, but snakes in the pit viper family, like rattlesnakes, have sensory “pits”, which are used to image infrared light
This allows the snake to detect warm-blooded animals, even in dark burrows. Snakes with 2 sensory pits are even thought to have some depth perception in the infrared.
14. Fish use NIR to capture prey and for swimming orientation. NIR sensation in fish may be relevant under poor lighting conditions during twilight and in turbid surface waters.
15. Infrared (IR) radiation is just as important to the Earth’s weather and climate as sunlight is. This is because, for all of the sunlight that the Earth absorbs, an equal amount of IR radiation must travel from the Earth back to outer space.
Otherwise, there would be global warming or global cooling.
16. The reason why the air cools so quickly on a clear, dry evening is that the lack of humidity and clouds allows large amounts of IR radiation to escape rapidly to outer space as it is emitted upward by the ground and other surfaces.
17. Satellites like GOES 6 and Landsat 7 look at the Earth. Special sensors, like those aboard the Landsat 7 satellite, record data about the amount of infrared light reflected or emitted from the Earth’s surface.
Other satellites, like the Infrared Astronomy Satellite (IRAS) look up into space and measure the infrared light coming from things like large clouds of dust and gas, stars, and galaxies!
18. Infrared is used in night-vision goggles and equipment when there is insufficient visible light to see.
Night vision devices convert ambient light photons into electrons that are then amplified by a chemical and electrical process and then converted back into the visible light, increasing in-the-dark visibility without actually using a visible light source.
19. Infrared ovens were the first ovens.
In earlier days, infrared ovens were the most widely used electronic gadgets to heat food. They were made of an infrared producing burner that excited molecules and increased their temperature.
The hot air however dried the food up and these ovens were thus replaced by the present microwave ovens.
20. Infrared tracking, also known as infrared homing, refers to a passive missile guidance system, which uses the emission from a target of electromagnetic radiation in the infrared part of the spectrum to track it
21. Weather satellites equipped with scanning radiometers produce thermal or infrared images, which can then enable a trained analyst to determine cloud heights and types, to calculate land and surface water temperatures, and to locate ocean surface features.
22. Infrared is the most common way for remote controls to command appliances
23. The Japanese have extensively researched Far Infrared Technology for use in the fields of healing, preservation, cooking, drying, and heating. Over 150 significant patents were granted between 1977-1987.
Here are a few popular infrared products available in Japan today (click the links to find them in the U.S.A)
- FIR sleeping pads and heaters – instant warmth even though air temperature remains cool (Infrared sauna too!)
- FIR plastic plate to keep fish and vegetables fresher and longer in your refrigerator
- FIR ceramic paper and ceramics.
- FIR fabrics – socks, gloves, jackets, car seats (FIR fabric keeps the body warm in a cold environment whilst providing passive FIR health benefits)
- FIR hair dryer – cooler and faster, reduces damaged hair, now popular worldwide.
24. Infrared reflectography (as called by art conservators), can be applied to paintings to reveal underlying layers in a completely non-destructive manner, and specifically the under-drawing or outline drawn by the artist as a guide.
This is very useful information in deciding whether a painting is a prime version by the original artist or a copy and whether it has been altered by over-enthusiastic restoration work
25. The boron-silicate mineral, tourmaline (known as a gemstone in its crystalline form) when milled into fine powders emits far infrared rays (which is why it is commonly used in the best infrared heating pads and mats)
Infrared Rays Incredible Health Uses
Since ancient times, people have known that exposure to sunshine can maintain and boost health.
These days sunbathing is limited since sunlight contains potentially harmful UV rays, which can burn the skin.
(Plus, with IR rays technology you can control temperature and you are not limited to sunny days).
1. In Japan, there is an infrared society composed of medical doctors and physical therapists dedicated to further Far Infrared heat research.
Their findings support the outstanding health benefits of Far Infrared thermal therapy as a natural method of healing.
2. Far Infrared strengthens the cardiovascular system by causing heart rate and cardiac output increase, and diastolic blood pressure decrease.
Research by NASA in the early 1980s led to the conclusion that far infrared stimulation of cardiovascular function would be the ideal way to maintain cardiovascular conditioning in American astronauts during long space flight.
3. SCIENTIFIC FACT: Far Infrared heat above 40C 107.6 degrees F) weakens and kills cancer cells:
Far Infrared thermal therapy – commonly known as Hyperthermia – is used extensively in Asia and Europe – especially Japan and Germany – but is only fairly recently in comparison, being researched and utilized within the USA.\
It is now acknowledged and attested to by the American Cancer Association and the National Cancer Institute on their respective websites.
4. Infrared saunas are frequently used in Japan and Korea (where the practice is called “Waon therapy) for cardiovascular conditions and diseases, particularly chronic heart failure and peripheral arterial disease.
5. Discs and garments manufactured of FIR emitting ceramic material have been applied to the human body in research studies.
For instance, a blanket containing discs has been reported to improve quality of sleep and single discs were applied to the breasts of women who encountered difficulty in producing sufficient breast milk during lactation.
Gloves have been made out of FIR emitting fabrics and there have been reports that these gloves can be used to treat arthritis of the hands and Raynaud’s syndrome.
6. Sunburn – According to Clayton’s Electrotherapy, 9th Edition, far infrared radiation is the only antidote to excessive ultraviolet radiation.
7. 30 minutes in an infrared sauna burns hundreds of calories and makes you sweat off 500 grams in one session.
As reported in the Journal of American Medical Association:
A moderately conditioned person can easily sweat off 500 grams in a sauna, consuming nearly 300 kcal, which is equivalent to running 2-3 miles. A heat-conditioned person can easily sweat off 600-800 kcal with no adverse effects. While the weight of the water loss can be regained by drinking water, the calories consumed will not be.
8. In a new study published in the journal, Neuropsychiatric Disease, and Treatment, Near Infrared rays are being hailed as a “medical breakthrough” in the treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI), which plagues millions of athletes, military veterans and first-responder professionals.
9. Compared to steam saunas or conventional heat, far infrared is thought to be seven times more effective at detoxifying heavy metals (such as mercury and aluminum), cholesterol, alcohol, nicotine, ammonia, sulfuric acid, and other environmental toxins.
10. Sitting in a far infrared sauna in the early stages of a cold or flu has been known to stop the disease before symptoms occur.
11. FIR therapy in both Japan and China has proven to be outstanding for asthma, bronchitis, colds, flu, sinusitis and congestion as it clears inflammation, swelling and mucous clogged passages, as testified to in Dr. Kyuo’s book – ‘The Scientific Basis and Therapeutic Benefits of Far Infrared Ray Therapy’
12. Update: Infrared rays are being used by medical professionals to detect hard-to-find veins when doing venipuncture and cannulation. See the 3 best infrared vein finders here.
You’ve just learned 37 incredible facts about the infrared wavelength, and the hundreds of applications it has in medicine, sports, weather forecasting, thermal imaging, communications and even saving lives during a fire.
We here at Infrared-Light-Therapy.com are fascinated with infrared light therapy, and we hope you stick around and read some more about the many ways you can use it to improve your health and well being – naturally.
Check out the most frequently asked questions about infrared therapy HERE.
If you have any questions or comments, we’d love to know!
To your health and happiness,